Beta-glucan in Aquaculture

Beta-glucan in AquacultureBeta glucan is a natural linear branching homopolysaccharide containing only glucose as structural components, which are connected by a glycosidic bond. Beta-glucan in nature is widespread and the most common source is derived from the cell wall of baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Echinaceae members. Beta (1,3) and Beta (1,4) glucan extracted from the bran of some grains such as wheat and barley. Other sources include some types of seaweed and various kinds of mushrooms such as Shiitake, and Maitake. They are constituents of several bacterial pathogens (Pneumocystis carinii, Cryptococcus neoformans) and members of Rhizobiaceae and mushroom (Agaricus subrufesuns). Beta-glucan soluble and not There, and studies have shown that insoluble glucan Beta-(1,3 / 1,6), has a greater biological activity of beta-glucan soluble than (1.3 / 1.4). Basically there are two types of molecules that glucan-glucan dextran with 1.6, starch with (1,4) and (1,6) glycosidic bonds) and Beta-glucan (cellulose with Beta (1,4); zymosan with Beta ( 1.3), laminarin with Beta (1,3) and Beta (1,6), lichenin with Beta (1,3) and Beta (1,4) glycosidic bond). Beta-glucans are known as "biological response modifiers" because of their ability to activate the immune system. They make the immune system work better without becoming overactive, low levels of increase in LDL cholesterol, aid in wound healing, Situs Judi Poker Online Terbaik Terpercayaent infection, increase resistance to infectious pathogens and act as a restorer in the treatment of cancer in humans, fish and animals. Beta-glucan is not an essential nutrient for humans or fish so that there is no deficiency diseases that may occur. Beta-glucans = recognized as safe and non-toxic with no side effects and if it is rare, sometimes allergic reactions have been reported in humans. They are commercially available with different names like Macrogard, Leucogard, EcoActiva used for fish feed supplements, yeast glucan Glucasan used as a dietary supplement for humans is as Glucaferm used in facial creams and skin. There are several cases of mixed beta glucan mixed with fish food.The role of beta-glucan in aquacultureImmunostimulatory are chemical compounds that activate white blood cells (WBC) and can provide fish and animals more resistant to pathogen infection. immunostimulant has been used as a feed additive from many years ago in the aquaculture sector. Beta-glucan is an important immunostimulatory among yeast beta-glucan has been widely used in the aquaculture sector. They were found to be very beneficial in reducing mortality caused by opportunistic pathogens in juvenile fish, can also prevent viral diseases, and can improve the effectiveness of anti-microbial agents and vaccines 19.Betaglucan feed supplemented with either a commercial nature and have shown improved health, growth and good performance compared different groups of animals, including farmed shrimp, fish and other land animals. Fish growth has been enhanced with the use of (EcoActiva) commercially available beta-glucan orally in pink snapper 4, Beta-glucans in Rohu 15, Beta (1,3) glucan in yellow croaker Large 1. Beta (1,3) glucan improves protection in case of illness Vibrio harveyi 1, yeast beta (1,3) glucan against Aeromonas hydrophila on catfish Asia 14. Beta (1,3) glucan from Saccharomyces cersvisiae along with bacterial LPS (Lipopolysaccrides) induced resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in carp 27: Beta (1,3) glucan against Edwardsiella tarda in Rohu 24, yeast beta (1,3) of the syndrome white patches 17 when injected intramuscularly and Beta-glucan from the RV-PT Schizophyllan virus 10 in Kuruma shrimp. Many reports of scientific experiments have shown that beta-glucan as a feed supplement to increase the survival rate of White Spot Syndrome in Tiger shrimp and yeast Beta 8,3 (1,3), and (1.6) BAgen bola berhadiah samsung s4 tiap bulan depo 20rbeta glucans as adjuvants in Atlantic salmon 23 . l. Reports with enhanced antibody response to fungal glucan use in Catla 11, Beta (1,3) and Beta (1,6) glucan in 14 Asian catfish, and Beta (1,3) glucan in Rohu 25 available. Effect of beta-glucan in enhancing pathogen resistance studied in
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